Home > Uncategorized > Divine and Human Agency according to the book of Exodus – Ancient Hebrew Poetry

Divine and Human Agency according to the book of Exodus – Ancient Hebrew Poetry

The book of Exodus presents the liberation of Israel from the slave-house of Egypt as the result of divine agency coupled with human agency empowered by said divine agency…

One revolution after another has caught the world by surprise. Each has come like a thief in the night, toppling regimes…

The clarion-call of the Reformation comes to mind: justitia Dei extra nos “God’s justice is beyond us.” It arrives as a gift…

“The Jews vanquish, but they have not battled” [-Hegel]…

It is in fact a general rule: tyrants fall into unforeseen and unforeseeable concavities of history, not into traps laid for them by other men. Or, to put it in the language of the book of Exodus, horse and rider are thrown into the sea, an act of God (Exod 14-15). They are drowned by a wave that catches them unprepared…

Finally, according to the book of Exodus, the divine initiative elicits and demands a human response. First of all, in response to a still, small voice deafening to the ears of the oppressed, “Arise and go forth!”, a people arise and go forth. Human agency finds its place.

Secondly, after deliverance comes the desert, an interminable trek through unfamiliar ground. In the wasteland a new gift is given, the gift of the law, without which freedom cannot be preserved, without which revolution founders and fails (Exod 19-20).

The law is all about human agency. It is all about human responsibility.

via Divine and Human Agency according to the book of Exodus – Ancient Hebrew Poetry.

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